Advanced Guide to Roulette Rules and Gameplay

Roulette is a fairly simple game to understand, but it offers a wide range of betting options. Understanding these rules and payouts will help you sit at the roulette table with more insight and strategy. However, it is still a game of chance, so there are no guarantees of winning. Here are the basic rules:


  • A roulette wheel with 37 or 38 slots, depending on the version (European has 37: 0 and 1-36; American has 38: 0, 00 and 1-36).
  • A ball spinning in the wheel.
  • A gaming table with different betting options. This is where bets are placed. It features a grid of numbers that mirror those on the wheel, along with additional boxes for “Even,” “Odd,” “Red,” “Black,” and other bets.

How to play?

Players place their bets on the playfield. You can bet on individual numbers, groups of numbers, colors (red/black), odd/even numbers, and more.

After all bets are placed, the croupier spins the wheel and throws in the ball.

The ball eventually comes to rest in one of the slots on the wheel. All winning bets are paid out according to the payout table, and all losing bets are taken.

Payouts and winnings

  • Bets on a single number pay 35 to 1.
  • Bets on two numbers (split) pay 17 to 1.
  • Bets on three numbers (street) pay 11 to 1.
  • Bets on four numbers (corner) pay 8 to 1.
  • Bets on six numbers (six-line) pay 5 to 1.
  • Bets on columns or dozens pay 2 to 1.
  • Bets on red/black, even/even, high/low pay 1 to 1.

Types of Bets

1.  Inside Bets: These are bets placed on specific numbers or combinations of numbers on the grid.
•   Straight-Up: Single number bet.
•   Split: Two numbers adjacent either vertically or horizontally.
•   Street: Three numbers in a horizontal row.
•   Corner: Four numbers in a square layout.
•   Six Line: Six numbers comprising two adjacent rows.
2.  Outside Bets: These cover larger groups of numbers and are placed outside the number grid.
•   Column: A bet on one of the three vertical columns.
•   Dozen: Covers a set of 12 numbers.
•   High or Low: Covers numbers 1-18 (Low) or 19-36 (High).
•   Even or Odd: All even or all odd numbers.
•   Red or Black: All red or all black numbers.

The Gameplay

1.  Initial Wagers: The croupier will announce when bets can be placed. Players place their chips on the desired bet.
2.  Wheel Spin: The croupier spins the wheel in one direction and releases the ball in the opposite direction.
3.  No More Bets: As the ball begins to slow, the croupier will announce “no more bets,” and no further wagers can be placed.
4.  Outcome: The ball will land in a pocket, and the number and color are announced as the winner.
5.  Winning and Losing: Chips are collected from losing bets, and payouts are made for winning bets.

Payout Ratios

•   Straight-Up: 35:1
•   Split: 17:1
•   Street: 11:1
•   Corner: 8:1
•   Six Line: 5:1
•   Column/Dozen: 2:1
•   Even-Money Bets: 1:1

Special Rules

- En Prison and La Partage: In some European games, if the ball lands on zero, even-money bets may either be held for the next round (“En Prison”) or have half their value returned to the player (“La Partage”).
- Minimum and Maximum Bets: Each table usually has minimum and maximum betting limits.
- House Edge: European Roulette has a house edge of 2.7%, while American Roulette has a house edge of 5.26%.

Table Etiquette

•   Chip Placement: Use your hands to place chips, but only when the croupier has announced that bets can be placed.
•   Cashing Out: Only cash out between spins, not during active gameplay.

Strategy and House Edge

•   European vs. American: Always choose European Roulette when possible due to the lower house edge.
•   Avoiding the ‘Gambler’s Fallacy’: Each spin is independent; a red outcome does not guarantee a black outcome next.

By comprehending these extensive rules, strategies, and etiquettes, you not only become a more informed player but also enjoy the game better. The objective is to make educated bets based on understanding rather than mere luck.